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Saturday, October 31, 2009

How to properly use an N95 face mask

Using Facemasks or Respirators

Avoid close contact (less than about 6 feet away) with the sick person as much as possible.

If you must have close contact with the sick person (for example, hold a sick infant), spend the least amount of time possible in close contact and try to wear a facemask (for example, surgical mask) or N95 disposable respirator.

An N95 respirator that fits snugly on your face can filter out small particles that can be inhaled around the edges of a facemask, but compared with a facemask it is harder to breathe through an N95 mask for long periods of time. More information on facemasks and respirators can be found at www.cdc.gov/h1n1flu/

Facemasks and respirators may be purchased at a pharmacy, building supply or hardware store.

Wear an N95 respirator if you help a sick person with respiratory treatments using a nebulizer or inhaler, as directed by their doctor. Respiratory treatments should be performed in a separate room away from common areas of the house when at all possible.

Used facemasks and N95 respirators should be taken off and placed immediately in the regular trash so they don't touch anything else.

Avoid re-using disposable facemasks and N95 respirators if possible. If a reusable fabric facemask is used, it should be laundered with normal laundry detergent and tumble-dried in a hot dryer.

After you take off a facemask or N95 respirator, clean your hands with soap and water or an alcohol-based hand sanitizer.

Oh yea, try to do some work around the house with one of these on, just so you can get used to the discomfort.

Friday, October 30, 2009

I'm no expert on Ammo, but did you know use can use .30-30 in a 7.62x39 chamber?

The 7.62x39mm cartridge fired by the SKS is sometimes said to be roughly equivalent to the Winchester .30-30 round when used as a deer hunting round. However, the 7.62 is sometimes considered inferior to the .30-30 as a hunting cartridge, due to its historical use of relatively lightweight bullets by caliber.

At 200+ yards, a 7.62x39mm bullet, due to its more aerodynamic shape and slightly higher velocity, will provide a flatter trajectory and will retain more energy than a round nose .30-30.

Hollowpoint 7.62x39mm and 154-grain (10.0 g) soft point 7.62x39mm hunting bullets are available, but 7.62x39 hollowpoint bullets are slightly lighter than maximum grain .30-30 loadings, giving a slight edge to the heaviest .30-30 bullets over 7.62x39mm hollowpoint bullets for close-in hunting in brush amid typical Eastern United States hunting scenarios encountered while hunting for deer.

On the other hand, the 154 gr (10.0 g) soft point 7.62x39 bullets have a slight advantage over the round nose 150 gr (9.7 g) .30-30 bullets, at all ranges beyond approximately 100 yards (91 m), due to the spitzer shape of the 7.62x39. Another factor is that the most common 7.62x39 ammunition uses the harder Berdan primers, unlike the standard American boxer primers.

Some SKS rifles tend to rupture the softer primers, leading to possible mechanical fouling.

So, in short...you can use 30-30 if you can't find any 7.62x39...but use it as a last resort.

I never write about guns and ammo, but I sure do miss my SKS

I was taling guns today with some know it all and it got me thinking about one of my favoriate toys....My long lost SKS.  I never write about guns and ammo because I don't know enough to be an expert.  I write about what I know and I stick to that, besides there are thousands of sites dedicated to Guns and Ammo and this site is just not one of them.


The SKS rifle is a simple gas operated auto loader with some very strong attributes in its favor. For all its glory and simplicity few rifles have been surrounded by more confusion than the humble SKS. I have fired both Russian and Chinese versions and am very well versed in its use and maintenance.

I love my SKS and I think it’s the best carbine I’ve ever fired. Having stated that it should be obvious that I am not a “the SKS is the best rifle bar none” kind of guy but I will say that:

A. For the money spent and knowledge required to own and become competent with one it is the best overall value.

B. It is battle tested (the wise reader will never overlook this quality when choosing any firearm for survival purposes).

C. Parts and ammo are everywhere and cheap compared to many of its competitors.

D. It is a tough son of a bitch in field

E. You can go buy an SKS, some simple cleaning supplies, a bag of stripper clips, and a thousand rounds of quality FMJ ammo for the same amount or less than the cheapest AK/Mack-90 type rifle on the market (that takes hi-cap. Magazines).

Remember that an SKS in the hand (or trunk or closet for that matter) is better than a Fal/L1A1, G3 or full auto H&K MP5 in fantasy land.

That brings us to the most important thing you can learn about the SKS….Leave it alone! There are dozens of accessories available for an SKS but most do nothing to improve the performance of the weapon and some can really screw you up if you are not careful. I have seen so many go out and get a good SKS and then spend money left and right: a scope mount here (now it’s a sniper rifle), a folding stock there (hey what do you mean it’s not legal) and of course the biggest scam the hi-cap magazines.

In a word, save your money-that is the main reason to own a SKS over an AK or FAL. None of the gadgets are worth a damn or they would be illegal, some hi capacity magazines are better than others but none are as reliable as the stock fixed 10 round magazine. Don’t even think about a full auto conversion (unless you really like concrete walls and steel bars).

The SKS is best left in semi auto and you don’t need full auto anyway. If you think you need full auto then you need more time at the range or maybe trade in on a shotgun if you’re just that bad. The SKS is reasonably accurate but will never be a sniper grade rifle and is not designed for use with a scope. Don’t waste your time and money (by the time you get a scope zeroed in TEOTWAWKI will already have come and gone and then it will just shift anyway). Even if you do get it stable enough you will have traded in quick target acquisition for a crappy scope that will get you killed when you can’t get that stripper clip out of the way fast enough anymore.

The twenty round fixed will be your next stop on the “how much money can I waste” express. With some minor filing mine now works and NO you can’t reliably get two stripper clips loaded in a timely manner (one stripper clip will load fine). On the up side it is made out of crappy pot metal! (it now resides in the bottom of my closet-somewhere!!) The 75 round drum (I don’t even want to talk about it), DO NOT even think about wasting that much money. Do we see a trend developing yet???

Repeat this ten times out loud before you go to the next gun show and buy some stuff you really need instead (ammo anyone?) My SKS is a solid semi-auto battle rifle with a ten round fixed magazine; it uses stripper clips, when I pull the trigger it goes “BANG”- that is the purpose for which it was designed. It is NOT a poor man’s AK-47 anymore than it is a sniper rifle.

I will not waste my next two paychecks making it look like either. I will leave it the way it was designed to function and move on with my life. Now that we have settled that issue, let me close with the following argument. You may own several firearms, many of which will seem better than the SKS in various aspects of their performance BUT everyone can afford a decent SKS and learn how to shoot it.

The ammo is as cheap as it gets and when the sh*t hits the fan- it is comforting to know that everyone on your team has parts and ammo that will work in your gun. The SKS is a junk yard dog. Drop it, scratch it, see how much crud it can digest and still fire, it likes it (well…sort of) the experience you can get because you are not afraid to hurt it are worth far more than the rifle itself.

Smaller framed team mates usually find it comfortable and with the addition of the $5-$10 rubber but pad/spacer. Go get one, buy a thousand rounds for it, shoot the hell out of it, clean it up really well and stick it in the closet you may be very glad you did one day.

You can never have too many good cheap rifles that eat up good cheap ammo. Hey one day you may want to cache something somewhere for undisclosed reasons (vague enough??). So just keep this in mind “friends don’t let friends waste money” leave the plastic crap at the table and move down to the next table and buy some more ammo, the life you save may be your own!!

Oh yea, since they are considered illegal.  I don't own one anymore. I got rid of it a long time ago.

Thursday, October 29, 2009

Thank you Frugalsquirrels for LIGHTS OUT by Halfpast

I got hit with flu epidemic floating around the camp.  When I was flat on my back, I decided that I was going to recharge my preppers battery and read Lights Out by Halfpast.  I downloaded a free copy from http://www.frugalsquirrels.com/, and I am glad I did.  It's not really a hard core novel and is very easy to read.  I took some good notes and plan on taking it out everytime I have to fly to another location for work.

Rejuvinate your batteries, go to his website and download a free copy.  If it's not available, send me an email at wm_lankes@yahoo.com and I will email you my download.  You get it for free, so please dont resell it; in fact, its advised you give it away for free.

Sunday, October 25, 2009

First hand account of Flu outbreak

Many of you know that I took another job out in Ass-crack-istan. I want to share my firsthand accounts on my experience with an influenza epidemic. It's not pretty at all. We are all living, pretty much, belly button to butt cheek, in a tent. One of the employees we hired came from a third world country and brought the flu with him.

Two days after he arrived, he began showing symptoms of the flu; chills, fever, and cough. Did he say anything to anybody? Hell NO he didn't. One week after he is here, he is coughing all over everyone, vomiting, and spreading the germs. Today, he comes in with his friends and asks to go to the medic. I take him and after speaking with the doctor, I find out he has an acute infection in his lungs and should be quarantined.

The next day, 1000 am, 3 more show up with the same symptoms...quarantined.

By 2:00 PM, 15 more are getting on a bus to come to my office to see the medic....quarantined.

People, when the SHTF, there will not be any medical professionals available to take care of you and your family. If you haven’t gone out and begun stocking up on Tylenol, decongestants, expectorants, hand santizer...do so now. Seeing all these people flat on their backs is scary.

Be prepared, practice now because you don't want to get sick and then go to store, only to find the shelves bare.

Make your own shampoo - when your expensive stuff runs out

I recently found a recipe for making your own shampoo. It will certainly save you money. If nothing else, it might come in handy in an emergency:

Distilled White Vinegar

Baking Soda

Combine the two so that it’s runny. Dip your head back or forward. Pour mixture over hair. Use your fingertips and massage the mixture through your hair and scalp. Rinse. Follow with a light conditioner.

You will not believe how squeaky clean your hair will be - and feel! You might even find that you don’t have to wash it as often.

Sunday, October 18, 2009

100 things which disappear first during an emergency

I can't take credit for this list...it's been passed around so many times that I don't know who the original writer is.  Nevertheless, I use this to help me prioritize my preps....I hope this helps you too.

#1. Generators

#2. Water Filters/Purifiers

#3. Portable Toilets

#4. Seasoned Firewood (About $100 per cord; wood takes 6 - 12 mos. To become dried, for home uses.)

#5. Lamp Oil, Wicks, and Lamps (First choice: Buy CLEAR oil. If scarce, stockpile ANY!)

#6. Coleman Fuel - Impossible to stockpile too much

#7. Guns, Ammunition, Pepper Spray, Knives, Clubs, Bats & Slingshots

#8. Hand-Can openers & hand egg beaters, whisks (Life savers!)

#9. Honey/Syrups/white, brown sugars

#10. Rice - Beans - Wheat (White rice is now $12.95 - 50# bag. Sam's Club, stock depleted often.)

#11. Vegetable oil (for cooking) (Without it food burns/must be boiled, etc.)

#12. Charcoal & Lighter fluid (Will become scarce suddenly.)

#13. Water containers (Urgent Item to obtain any size. Small: HARD CLEAR PLASTIC ONLY)

#14. Mini Heater head (Propane) (Without this item, propane won't heat a room.)

#15. Grain Grinder (Non-electric)

#16. Propane Cylinders

#17. Michael Hyatt's Y2K Survival Guide

#18. Mantles: Aladdin, Coleman, etc. (Without this item, longer-term lighting is difficult.)

#19. Baby Supplies: Diapers/formula/ointments/aspirin, etc

#20. Washboards, Mop Bucket w/wringer (for Laundry)

#21. Cook stoves (Propane, Coleman & Kerosene)

#22. Vitamins

#23. Propane Cylinder Handle-Holder (Urgent: Small canister use is dangerous without this item.)

#24. Feminine Hygiene/Hair care/Skin products

#25. Thermal underwear (Tops and bottoms)

#26. Bow saws, axes and hatchets & Wedges (also, honing oil)

#27. Aluminum foil Reg. & heavy Duty (Great Cooking & Barter item)

#28. Gasoline containers (Plastic or Metal)

#29. Garbage bags (Impossible to have too many.)

#30. Toilet Paper, Kleenex, paper towels

#31. Milk - Powdered & Condensed (Shake liquid every 3 to 4 months.)

#32. Garden seeds (Non-hybrid) (A MUST)

#33. Clothes pins/line/hangers (A MUST)

#34. Coleman's Pump Repair Kit: 1(800) 835-3278

#35. Tuna Fish (in oil)

#36. Fire extinguishers (or large box of Baking soda in every room...)

#37. First aid kits

#38. Batteries (all sizes... buy furthest-out for Expiration Dates)

#39. Garlic, spices & vinegar, baking supplies

#40. BIG DOGS (and plenty of dog food)

#41. Flour, yeast & salt

#42. Matches (3 box/$1 .44 at Wal-Mart: "Strike Anywhere" preferred.

Boxed, wooden matches will go first.)

#43. Writing paper/pads/pencils/solar calculators

#44. Insulated ice chests (good for keeping items from freezing in wintertime)

#45. Work boots, belts, Levis & durable shirts

#46. Flashlights/LIGIITSTICKS & torches, "No. 76 Dietz" Lanterns

#47. Journals, Diaries & Scrapbooks (Jot down ideas, feelings, and experiences: Historic times!)

#48. Garbage cans Plastic (great for storage, water transporting - if with wheels)

#49. Men's Hygiene: Shampoo, Toothbrush/paste, Mouthwash/floss, nail clippers, etc

#50. Cast iron cookware (sturdy, efficient)

#51. Fishing supplies/tools

#52. Mosquito coils/repellent sprays/creams

#53. Duct tape

#54. Tarps/stakes/twine/nails/rope/spikes

#55. Candles

#56. Laundry detergent (Liquid)

#57. Backpacks & Duffle bags

#58. Garden tools & supplies

#59. Scissors, fabrics & sewing supplies

#60. Canned Fruits, Veggies, Soups, stews, etc.

#61. Bleach (plain, NOT scented: 4 to 6% sodium hypochlorite)

#62. Canning supplies (Jars/lids/wax)

#63. Knives & Sharpening tools: files, stones, steel

#64. Bicycles... Tires/tubes/pumps/chains, etc.

#65. Sleeping bags & blankets/pillows/mats

#66. Carbon Monoxide Alarm (battery powered)

#67. Board Games Cards, Dice

#68. d-Con Rat poison, MOUSE PRUFE II, Roach Killer

#69. Mousetraps, Ant traps & cockroach magnets

#70. Paper plates/cups/utensils (stock up, folks...)

#71. Baby Wipes, diapers, tampons, oils, waterless & Anti-bacterial soap (saves a lot of water)

#72. Rain gear, rubberized boots, etc.

#73. Shaving supplies (razors & creams, talc, after shave)

#74. Hand pumps & siphons (for water and for fuels)

#75. Soy sauce, vinegar, bullions/gravy/soup base

#76. Reading glasses

#77. Chocolate/Cocoa/Tang/Punch (water enhancers)

#78. "Survival-in-a-Can"

#79. Woolen clothing, scarves/ear-muffs/mittens

#80. BSA - New 1998 - Boy Scout Handbook (also, Leader's Catalog)

#81. Roll-on Window Insulation Kit (MANCO)

#82. Graham crackers, saltines, pretzels, Trail mix/Jerky

#83. Popcorn, Peanut Butter, Nuts

#84. Socks, Underwear, T-shirts, etc. (extras)

#85. Lumber (all types)

#86. Wagons & carts (for transport to & from open Flea markets)

#87. Cots & Inflatable mattresses (for extra guests)

#88. Gloves: Work/warming/gardening, etc.

#89. Lantern Hangers

#90. Screen Patches, glue, nails, screws, nuts & bolts

#91. Teas

#92. Coffee

#93. Cigarettes

#94. Wine/Liquors (for bribes, medicinal, etc.)

#95. Paraffin wax

#96. Glue, nails, nuts, bolts, screws, etc.

#97. Chewing gum/candies

#98. Atomizers (for cooling/bathing)

#99. Hats & cotton neckerchiefs

#100. Goats/chickens

Thursday, October 15, 2009

If the dollar does collapse how well prepared are you?

I came across this article when I was over at Steve Quayle's web page.  I have attached the links.  I work with Third Country Nationals (TCN's) from India, Kenya, etc... and they tell me horror stories of how they are abused by thier "Leaders"...economically, phyically, and mentally.  Some have asked me whether or not the US people will continue to let the US fall from grace.  Economic collapse has happened recently to Argentina and they were a fast boombing economy. Nevertheless, if you can leave out the political stuff (as I normally do) this story may influence you to go out and acquire some more tangible goods....I know I can't afford gold or silver, but I will instruct my brother to buy me some seeds, toilet paper, and water filters for the house.


1. Inflation will skyrocket. If you are in the market for new clothing, expect the price for common, ordinary garments to quadruple overnight. Food, even the basic staples, will become so expensive that the largest percentage of what we spend out of our paychecks will be used just to stay alive. The poorest among us will have trouble merely surviving.

2. Paper money will be basically worthless. That means those dollars we use to purchase goods and services will have absolutely no real value any longer. The dollar, at that point, will have been so thoroughly devalued that it will be worth only the paper its printed on. Unless you have invested heavily in gold and other precious medals, you will be big trouble.

3. Gold and precious medals, which have intrinsic value of their own, will become vastly important. At present, the price of gold has skyrocketed to over $1000 per ounce. This means that a gold coin that at one time carried a value of $20 will now be worth over $1000. Those who have bought these gold coins and bricks as a hedge against inflation will be in a good position to weather the coming storm. Those who have not will be at the mercy of the coming economic storm where goods and services will quadruple in costs and where their paper money will be basically worthless.

4. Starvation will become common. Homelessness will overwhelm American society. Businesses will go under. Joblessness will sweep over the nation, setting us on a course to either match or outmatch the unemployment numbers of the Great Depression.

Tuesday, October 6, 2009

When, Where, and most importantly...how will you meet with your loved ones

Terrorists are planning attacks on our cities throughout our crumbling Nation. These attacks may be in larger cities, but they will most likely happen in the mall, bus stop, or fast food place near you. No way, you say? Well, attacking big cities is the plan if they want to kill a lot of people fast; but, if the organization wants to instill FEAR, well...that is another story. Imagine multiple attacks throughout the country at multiple malls, at bus stops, or movie theaters, at the same time (or even staggered over a period of time) and what type of impact that would have on you, your family, your neighbors, and your coworkers.

Have you taken the time to discuss how you will get home, how your wife or girlfriend, your kids, and your friends will get home? What routes will they take? Will they stay with friends? Do you even know where your kids’ friends live? Does your wife or girlfriend know how to use the stuff in their B.O.B.? Do they have an extra pair of walking shoes in the car...just in case they need to walk home? Have you even tried to walk home from work or the equivalent distance around your neighborhood? Do you have a tracking device on your dog if they get freaked out and run away from home?  Have you discussed how you will communicate with eachother when the cell phones stop working?  Or do they plan to just sit where they are, wait for help to arrive, and then do what they are told by who ever shows up?

Very soon into the conversation, my coworker looked like he was punched in the groin. I asked him what was the matter and he stated that he had never thought of all that...my response was, "Dude, I think you better start thinking about it; if not for you...do it for your wife and kids. You can still take care of them even if you aren't home." I also advised him that they ought to practice by turning the power, water, and gas off to the house for a weekend, just so they can experience what it would be like. They could take notes on what they needed, what they wanted, and what they could have done better.

We talked about mending bridges with unfriendly neighbors, coworkers, and relatives...just in case they may need their assistance in the future.

If you haven't done so, begin putting up some extra canned foods, bottled water, and things you will need to make your life more comfortable in the very near future. (Especially feminine personal hygiene items).

Practice, practice, practice...